Bebop Jazz: The Evolution Of Culture Through Music © By Caira Lee
Something about in Tibetan do betting to be the doctor bebop, yeah, - Bam - to do bets. Bam, go beat to bebop after World War, two, a new style of jazz was evolving on the second floor of Minton's Playhouse, 100 and 18th Street in Harlem with this focus on improvisation, Via revived, the art of jazz, allowing it to be open to evolution again. It became the musical representative of the 50s outcry for change through lifestyle language and dress. Bebop musicians, defied the limitations set by. Stereotypes of black culture and by rejecting concepts that have become mainstream to music and replacing them with faster, tempos complex melodies and core progressions bebop forever, elevated the status of jazz to that of an art form in 1941 America into World War 2 during that time swing was king men and women of the Armed Forces took the uplifting music overseas as their symbol of democracy at a time, and they were fighting oppression. It encouraged millions to be positive, gather and dance. During times of adversity, it was played from ice-cream parlors to drugstores for 20 years.
Now, swing had been in. And the record companies rushed in to capitalize by the late 30s, early 40s, the swing phenomenon had passed from popularity into Commerce. And all those groups began to sound the same identical. And so then you get bebop, which then emphasizes improvisation, improve I emphasize, --is African rhythms, you know, and REM office eyes is blues.
And then you get people like Charlie Parker and. Thelonious Monk, you know, Dizzy Gillespie, you know, um, the people that say made the kind of revolution forties. The bebop revolution. It was to revitalize the music by, um, you know, taking it away from commercial swing the commercialization of swing made it impossible for any musical evolution and its mass market. Capitalism meant that jazz was stuck in big bands.
Soggy rhythms, arrangers, vertical, harmonies and non-playing. Orchestra leaders. Musicians wanted to move on.
There was limited creative freedom. And the business that had become swing many musicians found that their talents and thoughts could not be expressed through swing any longer. You said to be the creator of bebop Charlie Parker was a major contributor in the evolution of jazz while playing in a New York jam session. He had a revelation that would become the foundation for modern jazz and forever change. The way musicians thought of music. I. Remember, one night I was jamming in a chili house on 7th, Avenue between 139 and 148.
It was. December 1939 now I'd been getting bored with the stereotyped changes that were being used all the time at that time and I kept thinking that's bound to be something else. I could hear it sometimes, but I couldn't play it. Well that night I found that by using the higher intervals of a chord as a melody line and backing them was appropriately. Related changes I could play the thing I've been hearing I came alive taken from downbeat magazine in 1950, bebop was spontaneous complicated and played at a. Frantic pace by diverging from musical concepts of its time, Bob gave jazz musicians the freedom and inspiration to cultivate new musical ideas. The play Bob required one to appreciate the intellectually technical side of the music.
Thus elevating the status of jazz musicians. It was all so loud that Time magazine featured an article about bebop titled, how deaf can you get it read when Dizzy Gillespie hits Wheaton in Denmark? The halls were barely big enough to hold all the teenyboppers in. Paris zealous, French nozzles or jazz fans came to blows over him.
Last week, Manhattan's Carnegie Hall was full of teenyboppers. Bebop was apparently no laughing matter in Carnegie Hall. No one had the strain to hear what frantic trumpeter Gillespie. And his 15 hoppers had to say, whatever else bebop is screeching Lea loud. It is also breathlessly fast with some biting dissonance and shifty rhythms. The article went on to say that it's fevers practitioners like to wear barrettes goatees and green tinted.
Horn-Rimmed glasses and talk about their interesting new sound. Bebop started developing its own counterculture instead of performing as big bands and huge dance halls as swingers did teenyboppers performed in small groups and packed nightclubs with small instrumentation, where the big-band swing were catered to dancers bebop was almost strictly for listening swingers playing elaborate arrangements, hoppers praised technical skill and put emphasis on the ability of the soloist beatbox melodies were. Extremely complicated. It was spontaneous music played at a frantic pace to many outsiders. This was perceived as thoughtless disturbance of order teenyboppers were known to speak in complex sentences made up of phrases and terms only the hippest cats could use correctly. But they're, innovative play on words was not just for fun through the use of a language as complex as their music.
Black hipsters were constantly defying. The stereotype of the stuttering tongue-tied, and the incompetent mammy. To be a hipster required one to challenge the limitations set by stereotypes of race teenyboppers created and made popular terms, such as the Big Apple, hip lame and square by the 1950s, the slang that they had once been criticized for had entered mainstream English. Bebop was influential in Brazil on people like Antonio, Carlos Job and Sergio Mendes.
And in Cuba and all over the world. It had an impact on the music that people were making people are listening to this music, because it was. Revolutionary you're coinciding with the civil rights movement, teenyboppers didn't, pick it or protest, but their outcry for a change in the social conditions of America was most evident and the way they conducted themselves socially what was always fascinating. When I true I went with him, whether he was doing a show or he took me to his home and invite friends over was, it was always some sort of integration.
It was more outside cultures that I was used to seeing it was so many ethnicities and. His funeral that I said, wow, this, you know, Bob was loved by the music. He created caused him to be loved by all kinds of people.
You know, not just one group, one ethnicity, but all kinds of people because of the music he played. So that alone to me was a significant integration in from a social standpoint that I was able to see in touch and feel. So I think when you're trying to evaluate Charlie Parker's importance in jazz, and in American music, it's difficult to overestimate the influence that he had. There's really no place where you don't see it because chiefly, he changed the way we listen to harmonies.
He made the whole concept of harmony more complicated. So that there's a greater harmonic pallet for all of these musicians to use. And then he enriched the music with a entire new vocabulary of melodic phrases half a century after the advent of bebop, the status of jazz as a chamber art form has been affirmed by numerous institutions, such as Julliard who acknowledges Dizzy Gillespie as one of. The greatest musicians and has jazz improvisation as one of his requirements for diploma and jazz studies by breaking down racial barriers in music, venues and cultures and while simultaneously developing their own counterculture teenyboppers, perhaps unknowingly, we're raising the status of jazz music and of African-Americans all over the world.
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